The Principal Human Relation Strategies And Teacher's Job Performances Of Secondary Schools

The Principal Human Relation Strategies And Teacher's Job Performances Of Secondary Schools

 

 

 

Background to the Study

          The aim of education in every society in the world is to develop the young ones to become useful adults. Although education varies in different societies of the world, education remains the bedrock of every society. Therefore, any nation that toys with education is definitely sitting on a key of gunpowder and this is bound to explode. For the goal of education to be achieved in a nation, the principal actors of learning are the teachers, and the learner and the environment must be co-operatively organized. The aim of education in the olden days includes moral and spiritual development which reflects in the societal system of thought and beliefs and these, in turn, have a great influence on the economic activities of its members. For example, the African traditional society is replete with people whose minds have been observed with the magical religious systems of thoughts, as nduka putss !! (Waste. 1999). Here society regards every fortune as coming from one or more of its numerous Gods as well as their spirits. In such an environment, progressive thinking is almost impossible.

          The success of any organization depends to a large extent upon the leader of the organization and the effectiveness of any secondary school in attaining its objective. Depends on the chief executive at the school level otherwise known as the principal. The principal helps to integrate the teachers, non-teaching staff, students and other resources into a productive working mechanism and student performance by influencing teachers' behaviours and beliefs through corrective supervisory activities, cooperation, motivation, effective communication and evaluation for the achievement of educational objectives. The principals perform dual functions as a professional and administrators. As an administrative duty like planning and conduct of meetings, attending to emails, visiting ministries to resolve school problems etc principal as a professional engaged in curriculum design recruiting and deploying and source of material resources to assist teaching staff. As put by Okeke (1985), The bigger the situation to be managed or administered the more complex the leadership needed and the greater the task involved. of the usefulness of all these activities. It is only when the principal is able to recognize and adopt the right leadership styles that he would get his subordinates to interact freely with him on a continuous basis. In this way, they will together pursue common goals. The teacher has personal goals and needs which he or may not be conscious of it may therefore be reasonable to argue that workers' behaviour in the workplace is a reaction, and action of the head colleagues' students and their entire environment.

          The falling standard of education has all been attributed to the fact that most of the school principals’ has failed to exhibit the good leadership required for the effectiveness of the school system. Furthermore, other people think that leaders are responsible for the poor performance of students. While others even believed that the students are also responsible for their academic performance as the majority of them disobey school rules and regulations and are no longer ready to work and some believed that the government should be held responsible since it has failed to satisfy the needs of teachers. From the various comments, it could be generally agreed that all the various components of the educational system have their own allocation of the blame. The attitude of a principal towards his subordinates would influence the behaviour of the teacher in a significant manner and this, in turn, affects students' academic performance it can then be assumed that the level of interaction of principals with their teachers would directly or indirectly determine student level of performance in their tasks. The principal should examine the performance of the school personnel to determine how the set objectives are being achieved Where performance deviates from the desired result, he undertakes corrective measures guiding counselling and coaching the personnel concerned. In the case of staff, he may even encourage them to go for higher education and training in order to acquire the desired competencies and establish good morals through their leadership styles. Promised on the backgrounds discussed so far, this study seeks to investigate the principals’ human relation strategies and teachers’ job performance in Patigi Local Government area Secondary schools, Kwara State.

Statement of the Problem

          The principal as an educational leader plays a pivotal role in the success of the school. To build a strong culture of collaboration and creative problem solving, set appropriate human relations that possess an instructional leadership quality that takes responsibility for achievement, develop and communicate plans for effective teaching among all staff members. {CFBT, 2008} argued that principals spent much of their time on political duties unrelated to the education of students at their schools, and required much absence from the school site. This seems to reduce the level of principal’s human relations and teacher’s job performance in the schools or cause undesirable outcomes such as failure of students in examination, repetition rate, drop out as well as other instructional activities at schools.

          The purpose of this study, therefore, was to investigate the principals’ human relation strategies and teachers’  job performance in secondary schools in Patigi Local Government Area of Kwara State. In addressing this problem, the following research questions were raised:-

  1. What is the significant relationship between the principals with the teacher's performance in secondary schools?
  2. Which type of principals’ human relation enhances teachers’ performance in the schools?
  3. To what extent does school principals’ decision making influence the level of teachers’ performance in secondary schools?
  4. To what extent does school principals’ communication affect teachers’ performance?
  5. To what extent does school principals’ delegation of duties influence teachers' performance in the secondary school?
  6. What is the like solution to improve the students’ academic performance as a result of the influence of principals’ teacher relationships?

 

Research Questions

          The following research questions were raised and answered in this research:

  1. What are the principals’ human relations strategies Mostly used in secondary schools in Patigi Local Government Area, Kwara State?
  2. What is the Level of teachers’ job performance in secondary schools in Patigi Local Government Area, Kwara State?

Research Hypotheses

                   The following hypotheses were generated to guide the Study?

HO:     There is no significant relationship between principals’ human relation strategies and teacher job performance in secondary schools in the Patigi Local government Area. Kwara State.

HO1:   There is no significant relationship between Collaboration Strategies and teachers’ job performance in secondary schools in Patigi Local Government Area, Kwara State.

HO2:   There is no significant relationship between Communication Strategies and teachers’ job performance in secondary schools in the Patigi Local Government Area in Kwara State.

HO3:   There is no significant relationship between Motivation Strategies and teachers’ job performance in secondary schools in Patigi Local Government Area, Kwara State.

HO4:   There is no significant relationship between Safety Strategies and teachers’ job performance in secondary schools in Patigi Local Government Area, Kwara State.

Purpose of the Study

The general purpose of this study is to find out the principal’s Humanrelation strategies and teachers’ job performance in secondary Schools in Patigi Local Government Area of Kwara State. Specifically, this study was carried out to:

  1. Examine and assess principals’ human relations strategies in secondary schools.
  2. Identify and assess teachers’ preference for job performance in the schools.
  3. Find out the major factors limiting the principal human relation in secondary schools and
  4. Suggest possible solutions.

Significance of the Study

The findings of this study would be of great benefit to principals and teachers in Secondary schools, by identifying the values of principal human relation strategies and Teachers' job performance as basic and Fundamental in the teaching profession.

-        It may also inform the teachers of the need to adequately cover

          topics in their scheme of work and lesson plan.

-        It may also encourage the principals concerned to enhance the

          Level of their human relation strategies in schools.

-        In addition, it may reveal some of the causes of poor performance

          Of teachers in schools and ways in how they can be adequately

          Prepared to achieve the stated goals.  

-        Furthermore, It may afford the teachers to be enlightened on the

          great opportunities awaiting them in future, such as appointing them as

          Directors in the ministries, Education secretary, and Head of the service. etc

Scope and Limitation of the Study

The study is delimited to the Patigi Local Government Area of Kwara State. This study is restricted to investigating the principal’s human relations strategies and teacher’s job performance in Secondary schools of Patigi Local government, Kwara state. Even though the research has attained its objectives, were some unpreventable limitations. First, there are various models of principals’ motivation strategies due to the limited time, finance and material resources:

This research was not incorporating all models to see teachers’ performance in addition.

Because of the limits mentioned above, this research was conducted on Secondary schools teachers in the three districts named Patigi district, Lade district and Kpada district inPatigi Local Government Area in Kwara State

Definition of Variables and Terms

This is presented as used in this study

Principal Human Relation: refer to the pattern or way of doing Things by the Principal in pursuit of his or her duties. In this study, Human relations are looked at in terms of The way principals involve Teachers in decision making: The way they communicate and the way they delegate duties to teachers. The way the principals behave in line of decision making, communication and delegation of hypothesized to Determine teacher performance in secondary schools of Patigi local government in one way or the other.

 

Human Relation Strategies: Can seem in education through Development and the resulting interpersonal interaction. The ability to effectively communicate is the most important aspect of human Relations. Without the ability to effectively communicate, there would be no human relations.

Teacher Job Performance

Teachers' job performance refers to the way by which the teachers effectively discharge their duties it also includes commitment, promptness, punctuality, interest, and consistency in the process of teaching and learning within the schools and outside schools.

 

 

ABSTRACT

          This study examined principal human relation strategies and teachers' job performance in secondary schools in Patigi Local Government

 Area, Kwara State.

          A sample of secondary schools was randomly selected. The questionnaire was administered to one hundred and sixty principals and Teachers for research, questions were generated and tested for the study.  The result obtained showed good principal human relation strategies and Teachers' job performance by involving them in Motivation, Communication, Safety and collaboration for smoothly running of the school.

          Therefore, the principal and Teachers should continue having a good relationship to bring about improvement of the teacher and output of the school (student). The principal can also influence the teacher’s activities towards improving teacher skills, organizing workshops, in-service training and seminars.

EDITOR SOURCE: The Principal Human Relation Strategies And Teachers Job Performanc...

 

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