Waste is seen as something liquid or solid that is of no use or anything useful that is considered less important or less significant; that is why some wastes are recyclable and waste to wealth programs exist. Resource wastage is a pertinent issue in today’s contemporary business literature and it takes different kinds of forms in homes i.e. domestic wastes, communities and businesses. Waste is seen as a thing that is less significant; then it has to be managed effectively, in managing waste strategy like incineration is one of the ways but recycling and other forms has been pointed to be a lucrative means of managing waste as a resource (Olusegun, 2012 and Agidee, 2013).
Waste includes: any substance which constitutes a scrap material or an effluent or other unwanted surplus substance arising from the application of any process, and; any substance or article, which requires to be disposed of as being broken, worn-out, contaminated or otherwise spoiled as asserted by Protection Act 1990, Section 75(2). Omole and Isiorho, (2011) showed that a waste is an excess from a production process that can be used in the production of other components or materials. Most suburbs in Bayelsa state is highly polluted with waste products. A waste may either be domestic waste or household wastes, medical waste, solid and liquid waste, industrial waste, such as waste engine oils, ashes, sewage sludge, industrial metals, that government seek to manage effectively to preserve the environment and increase its economic value. It is pertinent to understand the wastes, nature, problems associated with them, and how to dispose them off hygienically. In Nigeria today, there are no sewers or underground drainage system and as a result all liquid wastes find their way into water courses. There are no urinals or toilet facilities in many public areas. Wastes are found everywhere and anywhere. Waste is generated at the rate of 0.43 kg/head per day and 60 to 80 per cent of it is organic in nature (Sridhar 2013; Ogwueleka 2015). A cow brought for slaughtering produces about 328.4 kg of wastes in the form of dung, bone, blood, horn and hoof. Other animals like sheep and rams produce about 0.9 kg waste per head per day (based on observation). In the market a variety of waste is generated, for example, corn cobs, vegetable wastes, packaging materials, etc. The household wastes also contain other materials such as paper, glass, metal, plastic, and other non-biodegradable materials and some of them are excellent raw materials for various industries in the country. People litter the roads with no civic concern. All these wastes contain a lot of valuable resources in the form of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and other chemicals which are useful (Hammed et al. 2011). Microorganisms play an important role in biogeochemical cycles and convert these valuable resources into harmless and useful products. However, there are certain wastes arising from industries or healthcare facilities which may be hazardous, infectious and need to be treated as special wastes. In Bayelsa State, there is need to ensure a healthy living environment and eradicate poverty which has brought about government adopting the effective use and management of waste as a means to wealth creation (Otokiti, 2014). The search for wealth creation is a major concern to individuals and government due to unemployment rate and poverty level in Nigeria. In Nigeria poverty affects the entire population in one way or the other though the levels differ from individual to individual and the widespread of this phenomenon cuts across the rural and urban communities. The concept of poverty cannot be envisaged in a single definition. This is because of the diverse conception of persons who suffer from this ‘disease’. Various methods of poverty alleviation have been adopted by different governments and their machineries. One of the greatest challenges facing state and local government environmental protection agencies in Nigeria are waste management. The volume of waste being generated continues to increase at a faster rate than the ability of the agencies to improve on the financial and technical resources needed to parallel this growth. In Nigeria Waste management is characterized by inefficient collection methods, insufficient coverage of the collection system and improper disposal of waste. In industrialized countries the quantity of waste generated in urban areas is higher than in developing countries; still municipal waste management remains inadequate. Most developing countries, including Nigeria have waste management problems different from those found in industrialized countries in areas of composition, political, density and access to waste for collection, waste amount, economic framework, awareness and attitude. The wastes are heavier, wetter and more corrosive in developing cities than developed cities (Ogwueleka, 2018). Waste-to-Wealth creation literally means moving waste from a platform of exhausted utility to valuable and desirable level. Its transformation: in engineering, requires some sort of energy, and in economics requires factor of production. The latent issue here is that “waste” in itself can never be wealth otherwise generator will never discard it. Likewise, wealth is made and process of making wealth has some cost implications that the economic process construe because of the price. This means that not all wastes are potentially of secondary benefit. In all, “waste-to-wealth connotes that waste management operations must transcend delivery of service to provision of products or value like energy