Arogbonlo Israel

For couple of weeks back, there have been heated controversies on the origin, essence and functionality of the 5G network.

A significant number of socialites are of the opinion that the 5G is the brain behind the novel deadly virus (COVID-19) that has been ravaging the globe.

Other sampled opinions suggest that, the emergence for 5G is as a result of the need for paradigm shift in the global village as in the case with the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th generation of wireless communications technologies supporting cellular data networks.

It is against this backdrop VANGUARD gathered top facts about the origin of the 5G, among other things you need to know about its networks. They are as follows;

1. The first thing you should know is that the G in 5G, 4G, 3G, and 2G stands for Generation. The 5 on the other hand, stands for set of requirements describing standards mobile service providers must meet to be considered contemporary. The ITU released its first draft of the requirements for 5G in 2015. It is called IMT-2020. These requirements are expected to be completed this year and will shape the global standard for mobile communications this decade.

2. The frequency spectrum of 5G is divided into millimeter waves, mid-band, and low-band. Low-band uses a similar frequency range as the predecessor, 4G. 5G millimetre wave is the fastest, with actual speeds often being 1–2 Gbit/s down.

3. 5G mid-band is the most widely deployed, in over 30 networks. Speeds in a 100 MHz wide band are usually 100–400 Mbit/s down. In the lab and occasionally in the field, speeds can go over a gigabit per second.

4. As against the erroneous beliefs of many that 5G can make one sick, it is invalid because 5G will not make you sick. However, most concerns about the health effect of 5G in recent times center around the technologies that carriers build to meet the 5G requirements – specifically, the use of the millimetre waves.

5. Beyond mobile operator networks, 5G is also expected to be used for private networks with applications in industrial IoT, enterprise networking, and critical communications.

6. As of April 2019, the Global Mobile Suppliers Association had identified 224 operators in 88 countries that have demonstrated, are testing or trialing, or have been licensed to conduct field trials of 5G technologies, are deploying 5G networks or have announced service launches.

7. As of March 2019, there are reportedly 52 countries, territories, special administrative regions, disputed territories and dependencies that are formally considering introducing certain spectrum bands for terrestrial 5G services, are holding consultations regarding suitable spectrum allocations for 5G, have reserved spectrum for 5G, have announced plans to auction frequencies or have already allocated spectrum for 5G use.

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