Reading is the capacity to understand words contained in a printed or non- printed material and make use of the information for self-improvement and advancement. Individuals read for various reasons such as joy, recreation, relaxation, information, and knowledge development.
Reading proficiency is the key to knowledge. In modern life, reading depends on the individual’s capacity to interpret printed or electronic page fully and accurately. Reading has personal values; it is the door to almost all knowledge and vocations, such that the mechanical worker on the factory floor needs to read some basic material like rules and regulations governing operations on the factory floor. “Reading habit is best formed at a young impressionable age in school, but once formed it can last one’s lifetime,” Failure to read paves the way for all kinds of catastrophes in the society. It is, therefore, important that students should be encouraged to inculcate the spirit of reading right from the secondary level to the advanced level to empower them to have considerable reading skills
Comprehension has to do with understanding and extracting meaning from spoken communication or materials read. Comprehension is an active constructive process involving the use of textual cues and the reader’s background knowledge to build models of the author’s intended meaning.” The presumption here is that meaning resides in the intentional problem-solving, thinking processes of interpreter during such an interchange, that the content of meaning is influenced by that person’s prior knowledge and experience, and that the message so constructed by the receiver may or may not be congruent with the message sent. Meaning is constructed when readers make connections between what they know (prior knowledge) and what they are reading.
Reading comprehension is the act of thinking and constructing meaning before, during, and after reading by integrating the information presented by the author with the reader’s background knowledge.
It is therefore; very important for undergraduate to have study time which will help them develop a healthy reading habit. Reading comprehension is also advised immediately after study which tells how much you understand and have integrated all the information in what you’ve read.
Study Time means time allowed off from normal duties granted on full pay to staff members who are studying in approved part-time courses. Study Time means the time allowed off from normal duties on full pay to a staff member who is studying in a part time course which is of relevance to the department.
Reading comprehension is the ability to process text, understand its meaning, and to integrate with what the reader already knows. Fundamental skills required in efficient reading comprehension are knowing meaning of words, ability to understand meaning of a word from discourse context, ability to follow organization of passage and to identify antecedents and references in it, ability to draw inferences from a passage about its contents, ability to identify the main thought of a passage, ability to answer questions answered in a passage, ability to recognize the literary devices or propositional structures used in a passage and determine its tone, to understand the situational mood (agents, objects, temporal and spatial reference points, casual and intentional inflections, etc.) conveyed for assertions, questioning, commanding, refraining etc. and finally ability to determine writer's purpose, intent and point of view, and draw inferences about the writer.
STUDY TIME AND READING COMPREHENSION
Most students start out each new semester of school with high expectations starting from departmental assignments, examination and their final year undergraduate projects. They envision themselves being successful in their studies and school work but they fail to put together a realistic plan, or establish a routine, that will enable them to achieve academic success. There are only so many hours in a day, days in a week, and weeks in a term. And if you don't pay attention, the end of the semester will arrive before you know it catching you by surprise. To achieve academic success, you must carefully manage your study time on a daily, weekly, and semester basis.
Comprehending what you study is also important, because it will be no use if you do not comprehend what you read.
Reading opens door to the accumulated knowledge of centuries which helps to enrich, illuminate the minds, and widen the mental and spiritual horizon of the reader because the continuous reading of material will serve as a means of strengthening the development of reading. Develop a study habit today and be grateful for this decision later in life.