School Children Abduction And Educational Development In Nigeria

In the face of widespread insecurity of lives and property, no nation can achieve long-term development. The threat of supranational insecurity posed by organized high-profile crimes perpetrated through transnational syndication and racketeering has always posed a threat to nations' survival. Corruption, terrorism, ritualism, extrajudicial killings, kidnapping, religious and electoral violence are all rampant in Nigeria today. These problems have wreaked havoc on the economy, security, and human lives. Scholars have identified the devastating effects that insecurity issues have on a country's economic development and have called for the fight against insecurity to be bolstered.

Abduction is a by product of terrorism and social vices that have spread throughout the world. It is an endemic disease that has spread throughout Nigeria's states. It is a process of kidnapping people and holding them hostage in exchange for a ransom payment. Abducting dates back to the 17th century in Britain, when children from wealthy families were kidnapped for "ransom while sleeping (nap)." Abducting is a notorious and nefarious practice carried out by criminals with the intent of kidnapping and holding students hostage for a ransom payment. Student kidnapping is a nefarious, villainous, terrible, and seasonal crime that threatens Nigeria's security. Authorities say "bandits," a loose term for kidnappers, armed robbers, cattle rustlers, Fulani herdsmen, and other armed militia operating in the region who are primarily motivated by money, have attacked schools in the north-west.

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Boko Haram's ideology includes a strong opposition to secular education, and the group has gained notoriety for its repeated attacks on schools and universities, as well as teachers, administrators, and students, wreaking havoc on an already fragile educational system. Boko Haram has killed an estimated 2,295 teachers, and the conflict has forced over 19,000 teachers to flee their homes. More than 1,400 schools have been destroyed, damaged, or looted, according to the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), with more than 600,000 children losing access to education (UNICEF, 2017). The targeted attacks on schools by Boko Haram, as well as the kidnapping of schoolchildren, have harmed students' access to education. Many of the students had to put their education on hold after their school was bombed, or had to drop out indefinitely as a result of the attacks. Poverty has become the single biggest impediment to education in North Eastern Nigeria, and the war has made it even more difficult for parents to pay for school expenses. In addition to economic concerns, parents were concerned that their children would not be able to return to school. Many schools were also closed for significant periods due to insecurity, or because the school had been destroyed or seriously damaged during the attacks.

Following the abduction of 276 students from Government Girls College in Chibok, the Bokoharam sect's operations and actions against education came to light. This widely publicized case of school kidnapping added a new dimension to Nigeria's insecurity issue, as numerous secondary school attacks were recorded afterward. Teachers and students have been kidnapped in the past. There have been cases of students and teachers being murdered. Bombs have been detonated in school assemblies, killing dozens of students (Yobe school attack), and school buildings have been burned down, putting teaching and learning on hold. Five secondary school teachers were kidnapped at gunpoint from a school in Rivers State, according to scholars, leaving the locals terrified and tense. There have also been reports of religiously induced crises affecting schools. (Mission secondary schools located in Nassarawa area of Jos was attacked by muslim extremists). Cases of dormitory raping were also reported while many of these school attacks are not reported. According to recent statistics, between 2009 and 2018, approximately 2,295 teachers were killed and 19,000 others were displaced in Bornu, Yobe, and Adamawa States, while an estimated 1,500 schools were destroyed since 2014, with over 1,280 casualties among teachers and students. Many of these incidents were never reported in the national media, causing the true situation to be misrepresented. These attacks stifle effective teaching and learning, putting a halt to our country's progress. Insecure school environments have an impact on children's learning.

Attacks on schools frequently result in vandalism and outright destruction of school facilities, discouraging the opening of new schools. As a result, government resources are depleted as funds intended for other development projects are diverted to dealing with the fallout from terrorist attacks. Finally, educational attainment in terms of graduate quality and manpower suffers, which has an impact on overall national development goals. Despite the overwhelming need for education, the sector has received limited funding to date, and only a few actors are currently implementing education programs

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