Lecture And Demonstration Method Of Teaching: What Is The Difference?

In the field of teaching-learning, it is necessary for teachers to be familiar with and knowhow of using great many materials techniques, ideas and special skills which is referred to as teaching methods. The teacher should adopt method that would enable the students to understand whatever concepts or topics or principles that are being taught. There are varieties of methods for teaching-learning such as inquiry, problem-solving, case studies, field trips and demonstration. All these methods rely on various forms of teacher students activities; however, some have more activities than others.

See Samples Of Undergraduate Projects And Research On Teaching Methods

Demonstration method (DM) has been recommended for teaching the contents in school curriculum. This approach utilizes several senses; students can see, hear and possibly experience an actual event, it stimulate interest, present ideas and concepts more clearly, provide direct experiences and reinforce learning. It requires pre-preparation or it may limit student’s participation.

Lecture Method (LM) on the other hand save time and energy of the teacher, as teacher can say one thing to the whole students at the same time. It helps the students to develop and improve the ability to listen attentively to the teacher but it kills students. It has been observed that female student prefers seeing them than hearing while on the other hand; male students prefer hearing them than seeing in teaching-learning process. Methods for teaching and learning should therefore be made stimulating and attractive to students in addition to being the means of preparing and selecting the next generations of students of higher education who in turn become the nation’s professional teachers or leaders. In the same vein, it has been discovered that prevailing teaching methods predominantly employed by school teachers at all level in Nigeria is teacher-centered, involving showing, telling and observing. Ideally, an effective method of teaching must integrate the nature of the subject into it, with the mode of inquiry, strength of the knowledge, theory, practice, and models used. By this, students are made to participate both mentally and practically in the teaching and learning activities in the class or laboratory as the case may be.

LECTURE METHOD OF TEACHING

Lecture method of teaching is the oldest teaching method applied in educational institution. This teaching method is one way channel of communication of information. Students’ involvement in this teaching method is just to listen and sometimes pen down some notes if necessary during the lecture, combine the information and organized it. However, one of the problems in this method is to grab the attention of students in class room. Another big problem is that many students in the class cannot follow the theme. Learning has a strong influence on method of teaching. More so, lecture method is the oldest method of teaching. It is based on the philosophy of idealism. This method refers to the explanation of the topic to the students. The emphasis is on the presentation of the content. The teacher clarifies the content matter to the students by using gestures, simple devices, by changing voice, change in position and facial expressions. Teachers are more active and students are passive but the teacher also asks questions to keep the students attentive. This method is economical and can be used among large number of students. It saves time and also covers syllabus. It is the simplest method for teachers and does not require any arrangements. It gives the students training in listening. It provides an opportunity an opportunity for better clarification of the topics and lying stress on significant ideas. It brings a personal contact and touch to impress or influence the pupils. This method is useful in large classes, but it also has some limitations. This method makes the students passive listeners. There is very little scope for pupil activity. It is against the principle of learning by doing. It does not take into consideration individual differences. It does not develop power of rezoning of the students. It becomes monotonous to the students. Though this method has much limitation but still it is the most used method. The lecture method can be made effective by using following points matter should be arranged properly. Teacher should have process in between the lesson. These should be abundant repetition of the topic. The teacher should encourage the students to ask questions teaching aids should also be used to make the lecture effective. The content of the lecture should be logical and according to the standard of the students. Furthermore, lecture method is most convenient and inexpensive method of teaching any subject. It hardly requires the use of scientific apparatus, experiment, and aids materials except for the black board. Lecture method is teacher controlled and information centered approach in which teacher works as a role resource in classroom instruction. In this method, the only teacher does the talking and the student is passive listens. This creates dullness in the classrooms as the interaction between the pupil and teacher ceases to occur.

In the field of education, lecture method is used very frequently. This method is used in order to acquire knowledge and concept. Lecture method mainly focuses on cognitive objectives. The main emphasis of this strategy is the presentation of the content. In this method teachers plans and controls the whole teaching – learning process. To make the lecture interesting, the teacher can take the help of audio -visual aids.

DEMONSTRATION METHOD OF TEACHING

A method demonstration is a teaching method used to communicate an idea with the aid of visuals such as flip charts, posters, power point, etc. A demonstration is the process of teaching someone how to make or do something in a step-by-step process.

A method demonstration is a teaching method used to communicate an idea with the aid of visuals such as flip charts, posters, power point, etc. A demonstration is the process of teaching someone how to make or do something in a step-by-step process. As you show how, you “tell” what you are doing. A demonstration always has a finished product. The key to a good demonstration is for the audience to be able to go home and do what you have taught them how to do.

Demonstration method of teaching may enable learners to evoke the “wow” experience. This consequently can increase their curiosity and enhance their reasoning abilities. In addition, it may have an impact on students’ achievements. Moreover, there are occasions in which teachers' demonstrations are educationally more effective than are students' own experimentations. Demonstrations encourage generalization because they promote active participation on the part of the students. Demonstrations in use as a teaching strategy may prove beneficial for students with different or special learning needs. It is assumed that, when combined with traditional methods, demonstrations can be effective for low-achieving students with high visual and spatial intelligence but with limited cognitive abilities.

In teaching through demonstration, students are set up to potentially conceptualize class material more effectively as shown in a study which specifically focuses on chemistry demonstrations presented by teachers. Demonstrations often occur when students have a hard time connecting theories to actual practice or when students are unable to understand application of theories.

DIFFERENCE BETWEEN LECTURE METHOD AND DEMONSTRATION METHOD

Lecture method is the oldest method of teaching. It is based on the philosophy of idealism. This method refers to the explanation of the topic to the students. The emphasis is on the presentation of the content. The teacher clarifies the content matter to the students by using gestures, simple devices, by changing voice, change in position and facial expressions. Teachers are more active and students are passive but the teacher also asks questions to keep the students attentive.

While demonstration method is a teaching method used to communicate an idea with the aid of visuals such as flip charts, posters, power point, etc. A demonstration is the process of teaching someone how to make or do something in a step-by-step process. A method demonstration is a teaching method used to communicate an idea with the aid of visuals such as flip charts, posters, power point, etc. A demonstration is the process of teaching someone how to make or do something in a step-by-step process. As you show how, you “tell” what you are doing. A demonstration always has a finished product. A demonstration always has a finished product. The key to a good demonstration is for the audience to be able to go home and do what you have taught them how to do.

CONCLUSION

Demonstrations can serve as an effective platform for enhancing students’ understanding of certain teaching concepts as well as increase their motivation and interest to learn. But in lecture method, the emphasis is on the presentation of the content. The most important thing is for teachers to identify which method suits each subject as well as students performance.

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