Nigeria will be 50 years come October 1st when the flag of Great Britain was brought down and replaced with Green and White represented, and recognization as Republic of Nigeria as self-government. It was a historical moment and joy for our founding fathers and that what we are celebrating from time to time. However, question that come to mind is where we are today, there is need to sincerely reflect on that.
Sustainable development as defined by the Brundtland commission is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generation to meet their own need. It implies that sustainable development take impact on the environment into account and tries to minimize environmental damage. Sustainable development is the use of resources to meet human needs not at short-term but long term without harming the natural environment. Sustainable developing is the challenges facing humanity in the 21st century. The industrial revolution and technological advancement have affected our natural environment and natural system, consequences of human environment deterioration, social development, and environmental physical development.
Nigeria is endowed with a sizeable natural resources base; oil and gas generate 90% of foreign earnings. Over the last four decades, sustainable developments have been a problem. In 20009, Nigeria is ranked as 158th position in Human Development Index Report (HDI) is a composite statistic used to rank countries by level of "human development” The improvement in HDI has been slow over the past decades, the challenges are human poverty, and issues environmental challenged and gender equality. The government of Nigeria has never been in short of policy and reform programs aimed at alleviating economy and livelihood of citizenry over the past four decades, in the past the government have introduced and implemented macro policy reform programs with stated aims and objective such as Directorate of Food, Roads and Rural Infrastructure (DFRRI) this program is responsible for financing construction and rehabilitation of rural infrastructure such as roads, water supply, earth dams and rural electrification, National Agricultural Land Development Authority (NALDA) initiated to encourage farmers more land into cultivation and improve agricultural inputs, River Basin Development Authorities(RBDA) the objective is to raise agricultural productivity as well as the living standard of rural population, Strategies Grain Reserves Program (SGRP) it was a program to stable prices for grains by buying large quantity at harvest period from farmers, and storing and releasing them during off-seasons periods when prices are high because of scarcity, it is also used for providing for emergency assistance whenever it may be needed in the country. Agricultural Development Project (APD) is to stimulate and increase food production and enhance the income of rural population, National Directorates of Employment (NDE) is to foster and curb unemployment, encourage small scale enterprise and integrate vocational skills acquisition for self reliance , Mass Mobilization for Social and Economic Reconstruction (MANSER) is initiated to create awareness of community based development, an approach to mobilize and integrates viable economic projects to promote a community’s vision for it future health and quality of life and sustainable business ventures that can serve local needs and cultural values of their community. Better Life for Rural Women was a program to address gender inequality particular women and to alleviate rural poverty among women in rural population, Nomadic Education Program aims providing primary education for nomadic children without endangering the sustainability livestock grazing, it is prominent occupation among the Fulani ethic group of Northern Nigeria. Oil and Mineral Producing Areas Development Committee (OMPADEC) is responsible for the providing special aid to the oil producing areas such as Niger Delta communities. The macro policy reform programs in Nigeria are wide, cut across many programs, from politics, social, education, and economic. Transforming and integrating those economic and social reform programs into sustainable development growth and prosperity for the population and distribution of social amenities has been a huge issues and challenges of sustainable development. Those challenges prompt questions such as; who does participate in making and implementing these various reform programs. There is great disconnection between the government, grassroots population, and social reform structures to achieve sustainable development.
The National Directorates of Employment and Mass Mobilization for Social and Economic Reconstruction reform programs are great tools for social and economic growth. This could have move the grassroots population toward community based development and addresses the issues such as economic, social and environmental injustice; and help strengthen, empowering education and capacity rural community building to have the choice and control they need to become self sufficient and resilient. The Directorate of Food, Roads, and Rural Infrastructure could have open good access roads for the rural population and enhance network distribution of farm products to communities and urban cities.
The sustainable development over the years and reform programs processes are at the lowest moral funding and deficient in vision, especially those politically motivated or designed to manipulate the citizenry for political gain or gimmick. In addition, the rural populations are not well informed about the reform programs as a tool that focuses on the unique community development needs in rural areas. The sustainable development in Nigeria have not been successful over the years because priorities are not given to implement a well-structured reform programs that works effectively with federal, state, and local governments and grassroots’ population that enhance sustainable development. YOU CAN NOT DO EVERY THING BUT YOU CAN DO ONE THING TO MAKE THE DIFFERENCE
HAPPY INDEPENDENCE DAY