BOOK TITLE:  LEARNING THE LAW IN NIGERIA

PUBLISHERS: PRINCETON & ASSOCIATES PUBLISHING CO., LTD.

DATE OF PUBLICATION: 2015

NUMBER OF PAGES: 427

AUTHOR: KEHINDE ADEGBITE

 

BOOK REVIEWER: OLUSEUN ABIMBOLA ESQ*

 

INTRODUCTION

About 35 years ago, perhaps in a moment of intuitive childlike ‘spark’, I conceived the idea that I would like to become a lawyer. That desire was not generated by seeing the legends of our profession in their prime, nor was it a product of my reading up about such towering practitioners in the history of the legal profession, but with the benefit of hindsight, I believe my interest in the law was a product of developed personal interest by reason of years of watching the television series of the 70s called ‘Crown Court’, and perhaps divine calling. A few years after when I was in form three at Government College, Ibadan, perhaps in a bid to fan aglow the legal instincts in my young rascally self at the time, my father, one afternoon brought home a small red book which he handed to me to read and begin to understand what the study and practice of law would require of me. That book was titled “Learning The Law”, authored by Glanville Williams. Over the weeks that followed, I struggled to understand this ‘mini bible of law’ handed to me, but I must confess that for a form three student whose interest in the law at that time had not grown beyond a futuristic dream, the book was for me an introduction to an abstract course with high sounding lexicon I would later learn was called ‘legalese’.

You can therefore understand my initial apprehension when I was contacted by the author of this book to present a review of his work he had titled ‘Learning The Law in Nigeria’. However, to my excitement, this book turned out different from its precursor I had earlier come in contact with, perhaps because the target audience of this book is a lot wider than our ‘soon to be learning friends’ Glanville Williams targeted. This 427-page book, although titled like a semi-academic text, is in content far from its seeming academic garb. Indeed, it reads almost like a prose employing a style that is both simple to read, free flowing to understand and interesting to the mind of the trained and untrained reader. Abstract constitutional law and Jurisprudential topics like hierarchy of courts, judicial precedent, jurisdiction of courts, and such like, are discussed in everyday language any non-law student or non-lawyer would understand and find interesting. I believe if Kehinde Adegbite’s book was available to some of us when we decided to learn the law, perhaps we would have adopted a more practical and comfortable approach to the study of law when we got introduced to the course later in life, than the philosophical logic we initially thought the practice of law was as an undergraduate in the law faculty.

OVERVIEW OF THE BOOK

The book is structured into four sections (A to D), further subdivided into chapters which the author refers to as ‘parts’, with two Appendices, Bibliography and an Index. Section A is made up of 15 Parts and contains the author’s discourse of the law as it relates to various aspects of human and societal life; Section B, has only one part and serves as an abridged law dictionary of legal terminologies in English and Latin. Section C contains some samples of legal documents and precedents of practice forms, while Section D has some selected old articles of the author which he considers relevant to the general focus of this book.

The book is bound in a soft glossy cover with a picture of a commercial skyline presumably in Lagos, giving the book a colouration of a socially and commercially relevant text rather than the usual legal pictures of the ‘good old gavel’ or the blind lady of justice which traditionally depicts the law. I commend this departure from the traditional in view of the fact that the book ought to appeal to a larger audience beyond lawyers and law students. A significant appeal in the book to its reader is the fact that it contains pictures, cartoons, and colourful pages that excites the reader and takes away the otherwise monotonous plain white pages academic and professional books tend to have. This again adds to its appeal to its target audience (non-lawyers), even though lawyers will also find it useful. I was however expecting to see the graceful picture of the author on the back cover beside his brief profile, but I guess the conservativeness of the legal profession and the fact that this is a book for multiple applied purposes by its readers, weighed on the mind of the author to exclude this.

Both the author in his preface and Prof. Bolaji Owasanoye in his foreword emphasize the practical relevance of this book to the everyday societal life. It serves as a simplified ‘know your rights’ and ‘what to do text’ on law, without translating to a law textbook. It also serves as a good foundation for a budding law student interested in pursuing a law degree. I agree with the author where he says in his preface that this book will assist the layman “to demystify the subject of law and the profession by dispelling the widely held notion that unless a non-lawyer acquires a degree in law, he may not understand its basic concepts”. Professor Bolaji Owasanoye stresses the importance of this book to readers in the following words in his foreword:

“What this book does is that it prepares its readers for socio-legal education. Mr. Kehinde Adegbite has painstakingly documented the norms and principles required to guide us on the basic principles that govern our lives. He has done this by identifying basic principles, albeit arbitrarily selected, nevertheless relevant to our daily lives. Within these topics and the principles, we learn better social interaction.

This book is useful not only for the formally educated but also the literate but informally educated. Indeed, even the legally trained mind will find this text useful in explaining basic legal principles to a layman.

The value of this effort is not to be underrated because we all assume that everyone understands the basis of social interaction. This assumption falls flat on its face when simple agreements are breached and the wrong method of right enforcement is adopted.”

According to the author in his preface:

“I was motivated to write this book by the need to bring law to the doorstep of non-lawyers…. Over the years, I came to realize that most law-related books are written primarily with the legally literate audience in mind and as a result, a lot of non-lawyers (some of them aspiring lawyers) are cut off. Even when books on law are written for non-lawyers or first-year law students, the use of technical language may still hinder readers’ understanding. Hence, I decided to write this book in everyday language, without compromising its substance, so that everybody may be carried along. While Nigerians would surely find this book quite helpful in confronting a number of common legal challenges, non-Nigerians, both within and outside the country, would equally be helped in understanding the nature and peculiarities of the Nigerian legal system. This book is also intended to meet the needs of law students and young lawyers whose understanding of certain legal concepts is not sufficiently clear.”

Distinguished guests, ladies and gentlemen, I cannot agree more.

 

CHAPTERISATION

 

Section A, which comprises of 15 Parts, is titled “WHERE THERE IS NO LAWYER”. Part I of this Section is headed “Basics of Law”. It offers the reader an introduction to the study and understanding of law. It deals with introductory topics such as “What is law?”, “Ignorance of the law is not an excuse”, “Where does the law come from?”, “Law and morality”, “Finding the law” e.t.c. The author in easily readable prose tries to discuss jurisprudence and legal theories in simple and practical language employing examples in case law and illustrative  ‘bite size’ quotes spotlighted in visually emphasized boxes on colourful pages that appeal to the reader’s continuing interest.

In line with the author’s objective of familiarizing readers with the subject of law in an engaging, yet informal manner, he ends each part, in this section, with illustrative brain teasers and practical examples that trigger the logical reasoning of the reader to apply what he/she might have just read in the said chapter. This style makes a semi-workbook out of this text, adding to its attraction for the reader. The author’s imaginative mind is demonstrated in the various hypothetical problem questions that follow the chapters in this section. For example, at page 31 of the book, the author after discussing the origin of law, issues on law and morality and similar matters posited the following practical question-

 

 Q1            “Olu, a married man, on one evening decided to pick a call-girl standing by the road side in his car. They headed for a nearby popular beer parlour called “Igbadun Kulee Spot.” As Olu and his female companion were enjoying their drinks amidst other fun-seekers, a truck carrying policemen came around and the police officers arrested all the people at the spot. At the police station, Olu was threatened with prosecution for keeping an illicit affair with a lady who was not his wife.

 

In your own opinion, is the relationship between Olu and the lady a breach of law or morality? State the punishment for the breach, if you are of the view that the relationship constitutes a breach of either law or morality.”

An interesting way to keep the reader engaged on what he has just read, and to raise an exciting anticipatory feeling in the reader’s mind for the next chapter.

 

Part II of the book is entitled “Law in Action”. Under this part, there are such topics as “The lawyer”, “The judge as an umpire”, “Filing suits in courts”, “Causes of delay”, “Court papers”, “How to give evidence in courts” and so on.  As a practicing lawyer, I have come across a few non-lawyers in courts opting to handle their cases on their own without engaging the services of a lawyer and more often than not, they fall victim to procedural errors. With this book, I am confident that a lot of non-lawyers would be able to understand certain intricacies of court proceedings better.

 

Writing on practical issues of whether or not a litigant must always attend court whenever his matter comes up in court, the author writes at paragraph 2.11 on Presence of a party in court as follows:

 

“It is important and desirable for a party in a case whether a plaintiff or defendant, to be present in court whenever his matter comes up in court. However, this is not compulsory, except such a party is not represented by a lawyer. If a matter comes up in court while a party is not represented by a lawyer, the implication is that the matter may be struck out for lack of diligent prosecution, unless the party is not aware that the matter is coming up in court on that date due to non-service of a hearing notice.”

 

This practical procedural information is useful to the unlearned.

 

Part III is titled “Law, the State and You”. This part addresses topics like “The Nigerian Constitution at a Glance”, “Role of law in a developing and democratic society”, “Know your rights”, “Is Nigeria a secular state”, “Representing yourself in court” and so on. This aspect discusses different ways by which the law affects the people and how it contributes to maintain societal values. The Constitution of any nation is a fundamental law of that country and efforts should be made to ensure that people are familiar with its contents to enjoy the benefits of the protection it offers (particularly on fundamental human rights), and recognize its obligations on all citizens as well. This, the author in this chapter, tries to do, illustrating his discourse with decided cases of superior courts of record. Although this part is titled “Law, the State and You”, it may as well be called “The Citizens’ Engagement with the Law”.

 

Part IV is titled “Law and Persons” and deals with the main question of legal personality, what confers such status on a person, and exceptions to the rule. Who can sue or be sued? Can a child of 16 years old sue in court or be sued? Can a woman or an unmarried woman sue or be sued? These and many more are the basic questions that this part discusses in some reasonable detail. To a non-legal mind, every human being is a person, but the limitations and protection the law affords some categories of persons may be lost on such lay minds. For example, children, illiterates or persons suffering some legally recognized disabilities (insanity, etc). These categories of persons interact in society without being necessarily aware of their rights and limitations. The illustrative problem question following the chapter is indeed quite instructive of the issues addressed in this chapter. It reads at page 85:

 

            “Ade, a six-year old boy, very stubborn and strong-willed, behaves as though he is 12 years old and given his physical stature, he could easily intimidate kids who are quite older than him. Recently, while he was playing with another child in the neighbourhood who is two years older than him, he threw a heavy stone at the other boy which hit him on his right eye. Despite the fact that the boy was flown abroad for treatment, he still lost the eye. The parents of the victim are embittered and are now mounting pressure on the police to charge Ade to court for assault occasioning harm.

In your own opinion, do you think Ade can be tried for this offence? Give reasons for your answer.”

Part V is entitled “Law and Family”. It discusses major issues as types of marriages recognized by law, legal effect of marriage on rights of the individuals in relation to the spouse, either in contract or under criminal law, divorce and related matters, adoption, surrogacy, etc. Softer issues in family law (e.g. change of name, breach of promise of marriage, etc) people encounter in daily life are also discussed in this chapter with thought provoking scenarios summarized in the closing practical problems. In paragraphs 5.1.3 to 5.1.6, the average citizen is effectively empowered to be aware that a wife cannot be arrested for a crime committed by the husband and vice versa (although our police officers still commit such illegalities), a jilted lover is not without remedy against a deceptive partner, by an action for breach of promise of marriage against the ‘skillfully deceptive toastmaster’.

 

Other ancillary issues in marriage, divorce, custody of children, paternity, surrogacy, adoption, children’s rights, etc are all discussed in some detail to familiarize the reader with his/her rights under the law. The author writes:

 

“In Nigeria, marriage can only take place between male and female. People commonly refer to a marriage celebrated under the English law as “legal marriage” as if other forms of marriages are illegal. The fact is that the Nigerian law recognizes three types of marriage which are:

  1. i.          Marriage under the English law (also known as statutory marriage or marriage under the Act);
  2. ii.        Customary law marriage; and
  3. iii.      Muslim marriage.

 

  1. a.     Marriage under the English law

Irrespective of a person’s religion, any man and woman can go into this form of marriage. However, where a person under 21 years of age is entering into this marriage, written consent of parents or guardian must be obtained before a certificate of marriage can be given. Any person who marries a minor (i.e. a person below 21 years) without such written consent commits an offence which attracts 2 years’ imprisonment. The indirect implication of this is that intending couples who are above 21 years of age may marry without parental consent. Statutory marriage may be celebrated in a local government registry or a licensed place of worship. For this marriage to be legally recognized, the couple must be issued a certificate of marriage. The moment such certificate of marriage is issued, the two parties become husband and wife in law and even if no traditional engagement, church blessings or Nikkai follows after, their marriage is deemed complete.

 

When a person enters into this type of marriage, such person cannot marry more than a spouse unless he/she divorces the first spouse or one of them dies. While the celebration of this form of marriage is loved by most Nigerian ladies because it gives them protection against polygamy, their male counterpart appears indifferent.  This form of marriage is also known as monogamous marriage. Some people ignorantly call it a Christian marriage; it is not a Christian marriage because it is a marriage that could be celebrated by anybody irrespective of his faith. Almost every weekend, its celebrations are witnessed, with traditional engagement taking place on Fridays and formal wedding on Saturdays either in church or mosque. Marriage certificate may be given by a religious body, provided it is licensed to do so.”

 

I strongly recommend this chapter to everybody as it contains a lot of useful information for individuals and families.

 

Part VI is titled “Law and Your Neighbours”. Nobody can live in isolation; we all have neighbours and it is important that we know some basic things of what the law says in connection to our relationship with our neighbours. Certain professional relationships impose a duty of care on the parties, with the professional held to a fiduciary relationship of utmost good faith, a breach of which is actionable in law against him. These are among other classes of neighbours we associate with in society that may not necessarily live next door. For example, the relationships between a banker and customer, a lawyer and client, doctor and patient, driver and other road users, etc. The chapter further summarizes issues arising in the torts of nuisance, defamation, trespass and strict liability, malicious prosecution and other common ills of many developing communities including Nigeria. On “Good neighbourliness through freedom to associate and fraternise”, the author writes at paragraph 6.7 that:

 

“The Nigerian Constitution allows Nigerians and other persons residing in Nigeria to belong to associations of their choice. Through this freedom, people can form different associations in order to promote good neighbourliness, co-operation and provision of social amenities for the benefits of their members.

 

The right to associate also includes the right not to associate with any person or persons. The question here is – assuming a landlord association is very proactive and due to co-operation and contribution of their members, the association embarks on certain projects for their neighbourhood and a resident, who enjoys the facilities provided by the association, decides not to belong to the association nor contribute any fund, what can the association do? The association can only go to court either to compel such resident to pay dues or to affirm his right not to belong nor pay any dues to the association. The court will certainly not support any association taking to self-help in order to compel any resident to pay dues or coercing anyone to join their association.

 

Right to freedom of association is a right to make your choice as you want. This is because freedom of association also includes freedom from association. Nobody, authority or custom can make you a member of an association without your consent.”

 

While this aptly captures the general principle, I observe that the author did not refer to the evolving development in various states (including Oyo State) where the Houses of Assembly have passed Community Development Laws to compel house owners and residents of communities to cooperate with the Home Owners Association in their neighborhood. This may in appropriate States constitute an exception to the blanket rule.

 

Part VII is titled “Law and Land”. In Nigeria, land is perhaps the commonest capital sought in furtherance of development. Issues of ownership of land, documentation of interests in land, and transfer of such interests remain the most disputed matters in our courts. It is therefore gladdening that the author tries to address relevant issues that will put the reader on notice to avoid becoming part of the congestion in court. The author discusses extensively topics like “Ownership of land”, “Common mistakes about the ownership of land”, “Advantages of Certificate of Occupancy over land sale agreement”, “Acquisition of private land by government”, “Landlord and tenant” and so on.

 

Digesting this chapter offers useful insight to all land prospectors and speculators before they invest their hard-earned money in acquiring land in Nigeria. However, it should be pointed out that there is a printer’s error on the pages of this chapter. It is observed that instead of writing “Law and Land”, what you find on each page is “Law and Family”. This, however, does not take anything away from the intelligent discourse in this chapter. 

 

Part VIII is on “Law and Crime”. Experience has shown that one of the potent means by which ordinary citizens can arm themselves against the excesses and sometimes brutal enforcement procedure of law enforcement agents is to get informed about the law on crime. It is therefore not surprising that the author as a tested hand in the Department of Public Prosecution, Oyo state Ministry of Justice dedicated about 30 pages to discuss law and crime. Such topics as “Laws of crime in Nigeria”, “Can an abstract entity like a country or corporate body commit an offence?”, “Search warrant”, “Rights of a suspect”, “Presumption of innocence”, “Proof beyond reasonable doubt”, “Should plea bargain be allowed to stay?”, “Should suspects be paraded before media”, “Is prostitution a crime in Nigeria?, etc” are well discussed.

 

I am particularly glad that this book does not only discuss the traditionally cited laws on crime, but also spotlights emerging contemporary issues as plea bargaining, parade of suspects before the media before trial, cybercrime, and the evolving Criminal Justice Reform as pioneered by the Lagos State Administration of Criminal Justice Law of Lagos State.

 

Just like other parts of the book, this chapter also has its practice questions to stimulate the mind of the reader and I encourage you to read through the two scenarios depicted therein.

 

Part IX is focused on “Law and Business”. In this part, such topics as “Contract”, “Types of contract”, “Elements of a contract”, “Discharge of a contract”, “Electronic commerce in Nigeria”, “Doing business in Nigeria”, “Legal effects of loans from friends and others” are discussed. Given the fact that we all engage in one form of contractual transaction or another almost on a daily basis, we cannot afford to be ignorant of basic legal rules in this regard. At page 165 of the book, the author writes on contract thus:

 

“A contract is an agreement between two or more persons which is intended to be legally binding. Every contract is an agreement but not every agreement is a contract. An agreement which is not intended by parties to give rise to legal implications is not a contract. For example, a promise of gift made by a man to his wife is a mere agreement which, if broken, cannot be enforced in a court of law. The point, being expressed here, plays out in the case you find below.

Balfour v Balfour

Facts: Mr. and Mrs. Balfour had gone on holiday to England from Ceylon. While it was time for them to return to Ceylon, the wife was ill and was advised medically to stay behind in England for her to rest. Based on this, the husband promised to give her 30 pounds per month until she joined him in Ceylon. He did not keep his promise. Later, their relationship crashed and they broke up as a couple. The woman subsequently brought an action to enforce her former husband’s promise.

Decision: The court decided that it was a domestic promise which was not intended to give rise to a binding contract when the promise was made. The woman lost the case”.

A thought is spared by the author for the emerging contract variants occasioned by technological advancement in online shopping, electronic payment platforms with a subtle push by the author for appropriate legislation to be passed to codify this field and deal with the ambiguities created by archaic laws and gaps in our existing legislations. A bit of company law, banking, and business crime are found in this chapter as well, making it truly a chapter on Law and business.

Part X of the book is on “Law and Employment”. Every prospective or serving worker, whether in private or public sector, ought to be interested in this chapter. It addresses topics like “Types of employment”, “Trade or labour unions”, “Right to strike”, “Pension”, “Next of kin”, among others. This is more emphasized by the author’s thoughtful reference to the establishment of the National Industrial Court as a specialized court to deal with labour and employment related matters. The author creates a balance between the rights and the duties of an employee and that of the employer, stating at paragraph 10.9 that:

“Some of the rights and duties of employees are respectively discussed below.

            Rights of employees:

-         To be paid a reasonable wage

-         To be provided with conducive working environment

-         To be free to join or not to join a labour union

-         To demand for improved working conditions.

 

NOTE: All these rights constitute corresponding duties of employers.

 

Duties of employees

-         To carry out assigned duties with competence and commitment

-         To be loyal to his employer and keep official information confidential

-         To observe terms of contract between him and his employer.

 

NOTE: All these duties constitute rights of an employer.”

 

Part XI is titled “Law, the Road Users, the Police and Other Law Enforcement Agents”. This part is not only interesting but also informative in view of the overlapping powers and functions of different agencies of government in traffic management in Nigeria.

 

In the author’s efforts to make members of the public more informed, he writes at paragraph 11.1, on powers of different law enforcement agencies:

 

“In Nigeria, there are different law enforcement agents on the roads, all trying to ensure that traffic laws are obeyed. The Police, the Federal Roads Safety Corps (FRSC), the Vehicle Inspection Officers, Oyo State Road Traffic Management Authority (OYRTMA) and Lagos State Traffic Management Authority (LASTMA) are some of the agents of the State that flood the Nigerian roads. The question is – where do the powers of one end and that of another commence? Which agency is mandated by the law to ask for what vehicle particulars? The answers to these questions are not all that clear-cut. There are overlaps of functions and powers here and there. For example, the police can inspect vehicle particulars as well as the Road Safety officers. However, by the law that set up the Federal Road Safety, their officers are not authorized to perform their duties on non-federal roads. Their inspection of vehicle particulars such as driver’s licence and the enforcement of the use of safety belt are restricted to federal roads but this is not the case in practice. A decision of the Court of Appeal has made it clear that the Federal Road Safety cannot operate on non-federal roads and until this judgement is nullified by the apex court, it remains the position of law.

 

The Vehicle Inspection Officers (VIOs), on the other hand, are mandated to ensure that vehicles that ply roads meet the required fitness standards. New vehicles are exempted from roadworthy test, until they are a year-old. Each State in Nigeria has its VIOs and therefore, they are not expected to operate on federal roads. The same thing applies to other agencies created by different states to enforce traffic laws on state roads.”

 

Again, I should quickly point out that in some States, the requirement for road worthiness certificate now varies between one year to vehicles not less than 8 years as many of the State VIO laws have undergone amendments and no longer have the blanket one year stated.

 

Part XII is titled “Law, Women and the Indigent”. Even though Nigeria is a country ruled by the Constitution and the law, it cannot be said that all forms of discrimination against women and female children have been rooted out from this country. Widows, daughters and the indigent still suffer deprivations on account of their gender or social status in Nigeria and this book is quite useful in this aspect as it does not only expose salient legal principles which seek to protect the interests of women, the indigent and children but it also makes available the addresses and contacts of both public and non-governmental organizations focusing on provision of legal services to these classes of persons in our society (see Appendix II at page 388 to 392 for more information on this).

 

Part XIII is titled “Law, NGOs, Societies and Religious Associations”. Religion occupies a significant place both in the private and public space of Nigeria and this might have informed why the author touched this area in this book. “Legal requirements for registering churches, mosques, NGOs and clubs”, “Who owns the property of religious associations, etc”, “The legal force of the constitution of religious associations etc?” and “The issue of succession in religious associations etc” are all discussed in this chapter.

 

 

Part XIV is titled “Law, Individuals and Community Security”. This part deals with the private ownership of guns and other security apparatus in Nigeria. It is one of the shortest chapters of the book but it is nonetheless informative and helpful.

 

Part XV on “Law and Health” is another part of the book which I personally consider to be very important and useful. It addresses such topics as “Rights of patients”, “Duties of patients”, “Who decides for an incompetent patient?”, “Legal effects of detaining debtor patients”, “Should gun-shot injuries be treated without police report?” and many more.

 

An extract from this part stresses the point being made here better at paragraph 15.3      on Who decides for an incompetent patient? The author submits that:

 

“A patient may be considered to be incompetent if he is below 18 years of age, an imbecile, extremely old, mentally ill or in a state of coma or emergency. An incompetent patient is incapable of giving an informed consent which is necessary where a surgical operation, blood transfusion or any other life saving treatment is required as a medical treatment. So, in such situations, who decides whether to give consent or to refuse it?

 

Usually, parents, relatives or guardians should step in to take decisions on behalf of incompetent patients. This is what most Nigerian doctors and other health-care providers do in practice but the Nigerian law does not appear sufficiently clear enough on who is to decide, especially in the case of an underage patient.”

 

The two Nigerian cases discussed in the chapter highlight the point being made by the author better.

 

 

 

Section B of the book is made up of Part XVI. This part is very useful. It contains simple definitions and explanations of about 600 legal words, terms and Latin maxims. Even if this part is what the book is all about, I will still consider it a huge and commendable addition to the body of legal literature in Nigeria.

 

Section C contains samples of legal documents such as a writ of summons, affidavit, memorandum of appearance, legal agreement, quit notice and so on. From the Preface, I understand that the author includes these documents in order to assist readers understand the book better and for guidance to non-lawyers who may want to prepare such documents on their own.

 

Section D contains a number of selected articles of the author, some of which are still available online. Some of them are on the author’s blog www.gettipsforeveryday.blogspot.com , while others can be accessed on independent external websites. Some of these articles include How to become a Justice of the Peace”, “How to become a Senior Advocate of Nigeria”, “How to become a Nigerian citizen” and “How to lose Nigerian citizenship”.

 

It appears the author has included these presentations in the book to give a wider circle of relevance to its contents and readership including immigrant population in Nigeria.

 

Appendices- the book has two very relevant appendices which further underscore the book as an indispensable daily guide in the ‘legal minefield of life’. While I had earlier commented on Appendix II which contains a list of places and organizations that offer free legal advice and services to women, children and other disadvantaged members of the society, Appendix I is a judgment delivered by Justice M. L. Abimbola, the current Chief Judge of Oyo State, in a case where a University undergraduate was wrongly accused of stealing and subsequently arrested and detained for no just cause. The case was filed to challenge his wrongful arrest and detention. It is an important case that should be read by all Nigerians in order to understand the limits of the powers of the Police to arrest and detain suspects.

 

 

 

CONCLUSION

 

May I therefore congratulate Kehinde Adegbite Esq for coming out with this well researched, illuminating and interesting work. The book ‘Learning The Law in Nigeria’ is not only an academic work in form and footnoting style employed, useful to ‘would-be law students’ or ‘would-be lawyers’, but also a professional work of assistance to lawyers as a quick reference handbook, as well as a general interest text for all categories of persons. It is a material on legal education for general readership. It will contribute to elevating the level of legal literacy in the country and perhaps make the work of lawyers less tedious.

 

Indeed, Kehinde Adegbite’s new book will give Glanville Williams’ earlier publication on the subject a good run in this jurisdiction.

 

I have no reservations in recommending this book to this audience and all that will hear of it or come in contact with it in the bookshops.

 

I thank you all for your attention.

 

 

OLUSEUN ABIMBOLA ESQ.

28th April, 2015 at the University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.

 

 

 

 

 

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