ANIOMA BRITISH WAR AND THE EXPENDITION/REPATRIATION SINCE THE DEATH OF H. C. CHAPMAN!

History:

Resistance was strong in western Igboland where a series of wars were waged against the British. The Ekumeku, who were well organized and whose leaders were joined in secrecy oaths, effectively utilized guerrilla tactics to attack the British. Their forces, which were drawn from thousands of Igbo youth from all parts of igboland, created many problems for the British, but the British used forceful tactics and heavy armaments (destroying homes, farms, and roads) to prevail. The Ekumeku, however, became a great source of Igbo nationalism.

The Ekumeku Movement is unique in Igbo history for two reasons. First, the length of time the movement endured, comprising Military campaigns over a period of twelve years. Secondly it is the outstanding example in Igbo Civilization of an attempt to unite previously disunited states to resist the invader. You have seen that one crucial reason for Igbo defeat was the great discrepancy of scale between the average Igbo community and the colonial invader. The British decided on a preemptive strike, and in December, 1902 sent a powerful expedition which systematically destroyed a number of towns and imprisoned their leaders. This, it was assumed, was the end of the Ekumeku.."the Ekumeku and other secret societies have been completely broken".

In 1904, the Ekumeku rose again. This time the changed their tactics, mistakenly, it would seem in retrospect, abandoning the united guerilla warfare of 1898 for the individual defense of each town. The last act of the Eureka drama began in late 1909. The occasion was a succession dispute in Ogwashi-Ukwu. One of the claimants, Nzekwe, the son of the last Obi, feared that the British would deprive him of his throne, and decided to fight for his inheritance.

On November 2, 1909, the British sent an expedition to Ogwashi-Ukwu to kill everyone in Ogwashi-Ukwu but they failed in the expedition. The British perceived, in the whole Asaba hinterland, a sympathy with the Ekumeku, and a disposition to throw off government authority. In 1911, there was a final round-up of Ekumeku leaders in various towns that was followed, once more, by imprisonments.

The acting lieutenant-governor of the southern provinces sent an agitated telegram to Lagos: "Whole country is above area...is the state of rebellion." Reinforcements arrived from Lokoja, and the British proceeded to a confrontation at Akegbe. We quote both the contemporary British accounts of the battle at Nkwo market.

The war:


With the invasion of Ndoni in 1870 and bombardment of Onicha-Ado (Onitsha) on November 2, 1897, the stage was set for the Ekumeku war that engulfed the whole of western Igbo region. The Royal Niger Company (RNC) commandeered by Major Festing engaged Ibusa in 1898, and in 1904 it was the people of Owa/Ukwunzu against the British in a war that W. E. B. Crawford Co-upland requested for more arms to crush the western Igbo communities. Owa would once again engage the British in 1906 in battle that S. O. Crewe lost his own life. On November 2, 1909, it was finally the turn of Ogwashi-Ukwu who matched the British. In this war the British sustained many casualties with the death of H. C. Chapman.


Aftermath:

Although the Ekumeku failed in 1914, but the western Igbo treasure their memory as imperishable legacy. Heroes included Dunkwu Isus of Onicha-Olona, Nwabuzo Iyogolo of Ogwashi-Ukwu, Awuno Ugbo, Obi of Akumazi, Agbambu Oshue of Igbuzo, Idabor of Issele-Ukwu, Ochei Nwayazia of Onicha-Olona, Abuzu of Idumuje-Unor, Idegwu Otokpoike of Ubulu-Ukwu are still remembered in Western Igboland. The Ekemeku War is one of the greatest resistances to the British empire and inspired later rebellions such as the Mau Mau of Kenya.

CONCLUSION:


I MALCOLM E UBIDO,URGE OUR ROYAL FATHERS {ANIOMA}, ELDERS COUNCIL, HONORABLE MEMBERS[LOCAL GOVERNMENT; STATE AND FEDERAL REPRESENTATIVES}, MY GOOD PEOPLE OF ANIOMA NATION TO RAISE A MOTION FOR THE WAY FORWARD OF OUR ENTITLEMENT FOR THE LIVES AND PROPERTIES STOLEN  FROM US BY THE BRITISH COLONIST.WE NEED EXPEDITION AND REPATRIATION OTHERWISE, YOU ARE NOT REPRESENTING US. GOD BLESS ANIOMA, GOD BLESS ANIOCHA OSHIMILI CONSTITUENCY.

THANKS. M. E. UBIDO

Views: 289

Reply to This

Replies to This Discussion

Nice piece. Keep it up! The Owa u mentioned is it the one in Ika land?

Of course! You belong there?
Mavos said:
Nice piece. Keep it up! The Owa u mentioned is it the one in Ika land?
Yea,I'm from there.Yea,I'm from there.
You have actually taken us through memory lane.  It is a nice and intelligent piece.  But talking about the reparation as mentioned in your script, you will agree with me that it was not only the Western Igbo that suffered heavy losses to the British onslaught.  There is no ethnic group in Nigeria that has not gotten its own story of woes.  Reparation should in my own mind be a joint demand, which the Federal government should pursue and not a section or tribe.
@ Mr. Charles, you  are right but we can't continued to fold our hands watching on our myopic leaders. However, we can only  lay  voice or cry  for effective action. This issue is discussed in the National Assembly but only related to Benin Kingdom. If is properly handled, then other representatives will join collectively to address the issue.

RSS

Forum Categories

© 2020   Created by Vanguard Media Ltd.   Powered by

Badges  |  Report an Issue  |  Terms of Service